Корабли, чертежи и фото которых вам наиболее интересны

речные колесные пароходы
русские парусники времен Петра 1
броненосцы Русско-Японской войны
дредноуты и линкоры Первой мировой

Результаты опроса
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    02.12.17 01:12 Написал(а) JessieFuectEZ (из города Tomohon)
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    10.10.17 06:01 Написал(а) FelixMigKT (из города Shekhupura)
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    02.10.17 20:04 Написал(а) TerryBekBX (из города Ligatne)
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Пароход-крейсер «Ярославль»

Пароход-крейсер. Корпус железный однопалубный с двойным дном. Механизмы фирмы Forges et Chantiers de la Mediterranee. Имел три мачты и одну дымовую трубу. 05.05.1879 г. заказан за 2 500 000 франков для использования в качестве рейдера на коммуникациях противника в случае войны и как коммерческого парохода в мирное время. 22.09.1880 г. пришел в Одессу из Франции и затем получил приписку к Одесскому торговому порту под № 445. В 1880 — 1881 гг. занимался перевозкой новобранцев и военнослужащих запаса между Севастополем, Поти и Батумом.

Фото парохода Ярославль

Фото парохода «Ярославль»

27.12.1881 г. пароход «Ярославль» прибыл в Севастополь из последнего рейса под флагом Добровольного флота и был поставлен на хранение из-за убыточной эксплуатации.

В январе 1882 г. продан Морскому ведомству за 1 012 000 руб. 18.04.1882 г. как крейсер зачислен в список судов Черноморского флота. В мае 1882 г. в Николаеве установлены 5 — 152-мм, 4 — 107-мм орудия и 2 — 37-мм револьверные пушки Гочкиса. 09.04.1883 г. переименован в «Память Меркурия». Вскоре получил дополнительно 1 — 152-мм орудие, 1 — 44-мм скорострельную пушку Энгстрема и 1 — 11-мм картечницу Пальмкранца, а также 5 бортовых минных аппаратов. После этого плавал в составе учебно-минного отряда, а с 1890 г. — в составе практической эскадры Черного моря. С 1886 г. артиллерия состояла из 6 — 152-мм, 4 — 107-мм орудий, 4 — 37-мм револьверных пушек Гочкиса и 4 — 44-мм скорострельных пушек Энгстрема. 01.02.1892 г. отнесен к классу крейсеров I ранга. Зимой 1893 —1894 гг. в Николаеве выполнен капитальный ремонт корпуса и машины с установкой новых котлов.

С 1897 г. стал использоваться для обучения строевых квартирмейстеров, при этом имел на вооружении 6 — 152-мм орудий, 4 — 47-мм, 2 — 37-мм одноствольных, 2 — 37-мм револьверных пушек Гочкиса и 2 — 64-мм десантных Барановского. С 1903 г. вновь плавал в составе практической эскадры и 28.10.1903 г. был переклассифицирован в крейсер II ранга. 17.11.1905 г. во время севастопольского мятежа вел огонь из 47-мм и 37-мм орудий по миноносцу «Свирепый», а из 152-мм — по крейсеру «Очаков». Сам получил только незначительные повреждения от пуль и осколков и потерь в личном составе не имел.

01.01.1907 г. пароход «Ярославль» сдан на хранение Севастопольскому порту и 25.03.1907 г. исключен из списка судов Морского ведомства по совершенной непригодности к дальнейшей службе. Затем был разоружен, механизмы демонтированы, а корпус приспособлен для размещения военно-исправительной тюрьмы Морского ведомства, которая 01.09.1909 г. была переведена на судно. Во время первой мировой войны использовался как штаб минной бригады. 28.10.1916 г. перечислен в класс блокшив с присвоением «№ 9».

01.05.1918 г. захвачен в Севастополе немецкими войсками, 24.11.1918 г. сдан союзникам. 29.04.1919 г. захвачен частями Красной Армии, 24.06.1919 г. — частями Вооруженных сил юга России, а 15.11.1920 г. — снова Красной Армией. 02.12.1920 г. под наименованием «Меркурий» включен в состав Морских сил Черного и Азовского морей. Вначале служил в качестве базы дивизиона подводных лодок, а 08.08.1921 г. переклассифицирован в плавучую мастерскую. В 1921 — 1922 гг. прошел ремонт и был вооружен 120-мм пушкой. 25.12.1922 г. придан дивизиону сторожевых катеров и истребителей.

01.10.1929 г. «Ярославль» выведен в корабельный резерв в целях экономии средств на содержание флота. 07.05.1930 г. передан под жилье личного состава вновь сформированного дивизиона торпедных катеров типа «Ш-4», но содержался без штата. 09.03.1932 г. исключен из состава Морских сил Черного моря. Впоследствии находился в эксплуатации у торгового флота и использовался как несамоходное плавсредство, а с 31.08.1938 г. — как плавучее нефтехранилище Одесского торгового порта. 20.09.1939 г. исключен из списка судов Наркомата морского флота. По некоторым непроверенным данным после Великой Отечественной войны был потоплен в качестве мишени у берегов Крыма.

Характеристики парохода «Ярославль»:

Водоизмещение 3050 т
Вместимость 2005 брт / 834 нрт
Размеры 89,98 х 12.41 х 7,10/6,00 м
Главные механизмы 1 горизонтальная
3-цилиндровая ПМ двойного расширения,
6 цилиндрических котлов
Мощность 2900 инд. л. с. / 600 нар. л. с.
Скорость хода  14,0 уз
Запас топлива  320 т угля
Дальность плавания 6500 миль при 14 уз
Число пассажиров до 1000 чел. десанта
Грузоподъемность 1000 т
Вооружение 1 — 203-мм, 6 — 152-мм,
8 скорострельных (по проекту)
Первоначальная стоимость 1011 930 руб