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речные колесные пароходы
русские парусники времен Петра 1
броненосцы Русско-Японской войны
дредноуты и линкоры Первой мировой

Результаты опроса
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    02.12.17 01:12 Написал(а) JessieFuectEZ (из города Tomohon)
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    10.10.17 06:01 Написал(а) FelixMigKT (из города Shekhupura)
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    02.10.17 20:04 Написал(а) TerryBekBX (из города Ligatne)
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Товаро-пассажирский пароход «Петербург»

Бывший немецкий товаро-пассажирский пароход «Thuringia». Корпус железный трехпалубный. Механизмы фирмы Caird & Со. Имел две мачты и одну дымовую трубу. Первоначально принадлежал компании Hamburg-Amerikanischen Packetfahrt AG и был приписан к Гамбургу. 06.06.1878 г. куплен в Гамбурге у компании-владельца за 40 000 фунтов стерлингов для использования в качестве рейдера. 24.06.1878 г. пришел в Кронштадт из Германии. 03.07.1878 г. зачислен в список судов Балтийского флота как крейсер с присвоением наименования «Петербург».

Фото парохода «Петербург»
Фото парохода «Петербург» 

21.07.1878 г. исключен из списка судов Морского ведомства. 01.08.1878 г. поступил в пользование Добровольного флота и затем получил приписку к Петербургскому торговому порту под № 115 (с 1881 г. под № 132). 06.09.1878 г. «Петербург» прибыл в Одессу из Кронштадта и в 1878 — 1879 гг. занимался перевозкой из Варны и Бургаса частей оккупационной русской армии и разных грузов. Зимой 1879 — 1880 гг. в Марселе фирмой Forges et Chantiers de la Mediterranee машина переделана на двойное расширение пара и установлены новые котлы с увеличением мощности механизмов до 2500 инд. л. с.

15.03.1880 г. ушел из Одессы в Ханькоу, откуда вернулся с 2500 т чая. 26.07.1880 г. отправился в первый раз во Владивосток, имея на борту две миноноски и другой казенный груз. Закончив во Владивостоке разгрузку, 14.11.1880 г. поступил во временное пользование Морского ведомства в связи с обострением отношений с Китаем и как угольный транспорт включен в состав отряда судов Тихого океана. 15.03.1881 г. возвращен Добровольному флоту. Затем совершал регулярные рейсы по дальневосточной линии. В 1887 — 1888 гг. в Лондоне фирма Robert Napier установила новые котлы и две дымовые трубы вместо одной.

10.12.1892 г. прибыл в Одессу из своего последнего рейса на Дальний Восток. 04.01.1893 г. Пароход «Петербург» продан Морскому ведомству за 355 000 руб. в связи с несоответствием коммерческим требованиям. 01.05.1893 г. зачислен в список судов Черноморского флота как учебное судно «Березань». В 1894 г. установлены 3 — 152-мм, 1 — 107-мм, 1 — 87-мм, 1 — 47-мм, 1 — 37-мм, 1 — 37-мм револьверные пушки и 1 — 64-мм десантное орудие Барановского, а также 2 бортовых надводных минных аппарата. Затем входил в состав учебного отряда Черного моря и использовался для обучения комендоров, минеров и минных специалистов. В 1896 г. к вооружению добавлено 120-мм орудие, а в 1897 г. 2 — 37-мм пушки Максима. В 1907 г. в Севастополе во время ремонта установлены 6 цилиндрических котлов с эскадренного броненосца «Синоп» и три дымовые трубы. Одновременно вместо прежнего вооружения получил 6 — 47-мм револьверных пушек Гочкиса.

29.01.1909 г. переведен в класс транспортов, но продолжал использоваться в учебных целях, в связи с чем артиллерия была уменьшена до 2 — 37-мм орудий. После начала первой мировой войны 27.11.1914 г. переклассифицирован в посыльное судно и затем в качестве конвоира подводных лодок состоял при школе подводного плавания. В связи с этим получил на вооружение 6 — 75-мм, 2 — 37-мм пушки и 4 пулемета. 29.08.1916 г. вновь включен в состав учебного отряда.

01.05.1918 г. захвачен в Севастополе немецкими войсками, а 24.11.1918 г. — союзниками. В апреле 1919 г. механизмы выведены из строя английскими подрывными командами. Впоследствии в качестве транспорта был включен в состав отряда транспортов тыла флота Вооруженных сил юга России, но не использовался.

15.11.1920 г. захвачен в Севастополе частями Красной Армии и затем в качестве базы дивизиона сторожевых катеров зачислен в Действующий отряд Морских сил Черного моря. С 08.08.1921 г. использовался как несамоходная база дивизиона подводных лодок и имел на вооружении 5 пулеметов. 01.10.1929 г. «Петербург» переведен в корабельный резерв в целях экономии средств на содержание флота. В начале 1930-х гг. сдан на слом.

Характеристики парохода «Петербург»:

Водоизмещение 5096 т
Вместимость 2897 брт/ 1821 нрт
Размеры 106,77 х 12,19 х 10,39/7,32 м
Главные механизмы  1 вертикальная 2-х.цилиндровая
 ПМ двойного расширения
  4 цилиндрических котлов.
Мощность 1800 инд. л. с. / 500 нар. л. с.
Число пассажиров 102(1), 136 (II), 620 (III) чел.
Численность команды 120 чел.
Первоначальная стоимость 526 794 руб.